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Master's Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Economics - Macro-economics, general, grade: 1,3, University of Wuppertal (Schumpeter School of Business and economics), course: VWL, Makroökonomie, language: English, abstract: During past centuries, natural disasters occurred more often in our environment and caused more serious damage worldwide. The Hurricane Irene in the Caribbean and the USA, the floods in Australia, the earthquake in New Zealand and especially in Japan in 2011 had enormous extends concerning the caused loss and damages in the specific regions.Within the past four decades, the frequency of large natural disasters raised three times more. Furthermore, the economic losses - after adjusting for inflation - increased even eight times more compared to the past decades. This also has a great impact on the insurance industry, since the insured losses increase even in a larger amount compared to other factors affected by natural disasters. However, the insurance industry uses in spite of these unfavorable loss trends, a wide range of coverage against disasters such as Cat Bonds to transfer the disaster risk, and to avoid unnecessary expenses.Climate change also plays a big role in the frequently occurring amount of disasters. Since it is still hard to estimate the impacts of future climate changes for the frequency and intensity of natural disasters with its huge losses, new policies such as Green Growth have been introduced for mitigation effects.The purpose...
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